Metrics for sustainable food economies
Measure economic, social and environmental impact methods such as LCA, cost-benefit analysis and other forms of impact assessment. However, these indicator systems tend to be partial, linear and scale-inconsistent, and thus incapable of grasping the attributes of complex food systems that are open, hierarchical, circular and dynamic. They also fail to address the issue of resilience. This lecture explores new types of indicator systems apt for coupled human-environment or social-ecological food systems.